For this story, we begin in 1690 (possibly 1692) not in the (non-existent) United States but in England. William Edward Kindred is born to unknown parents in the Haltwhistle Parish in North Cumberland County, England. This part of England is in the north, not far from the border of Scotland. (The Kindred name finds itself in the Haltwhistle Parish record beginning around 1680).
We do not know much about William outside of the fact that he married Jane Colson and had six children. The marriage takes place April 17, 1710, in Haltwhistle Parish. The children are Thomas (1711-1763), William (1712-?), Mary (1714-1714), Anne (1719-?), Elizabeth (1721-?), Jane (1724-1766), Bartholomew (1727-1805), and John (1728-1803).
We pick up the story again with Bartholomew in Northumberland County, England. Young Bartholomew marries Paradine in 1743 in the home county, and they have a child named William (born 1744). For reasons unknown, Bartholomew also marries Mary Carrick on June 18, 1748, in Northumberland. Together they have eight children.
The unrest in England appears to be more than the Kindreds can bear. We know not if they sought religious freedom, adventure, excitement, financial freedom, or all of the above, but sometime in the late 1700's, William and his family board a ship bound for a new land.
And so we find the Kindreds in popular Albemarle County, Virginia (home of Thomas Jefferson and others). William (son of Bartholomew, Sr., and Paradine) marries Mary Overton "Polly" Haggard on March 15, 1780, in Albemarle County. The two waste no time in making a family in the new land. And William has certainly staked his love for his new country. Sometime between 1775-1783, William fights for his new country in the Revolutionary War, serving as Private in the army. We do not know why William and his parents came over from England, but it is evident that the new love of country is worth dying for. America wins its freedom on the backs of many soldiers, one being William Kindred.
William and Mary raise eight children: Elizabeth Jean (1781-1848), John Ty (1781-1830), Nathaniel (1782-1839), Martin (1785-1865), Nancy Jean (1787-1826), David (1788-1873), William, Jr. (1794-1867), and Jane (1795-?). The young country is rapidly expanding, and new adventure and pursuits lie to the open west. The Kindreds can't wait, and William and Mary move their family out to the far west sometime between the birth of Nancy in 1787 and David in 1788. Nancy is born in Albemarle County, Virginia, while David and the rest of the children will be born in the family's new home: Kentucky. At the time, Kentucky was part of the American West!
The first record we have of the Kindred family in the United States comes with the 1810 United States Census. The family has moved out west, and while split up into different households, the Kindreds have stayed together in their move to Kentucky. We find them in Madison County as free citizens. William, John, and David live in the same county but in different homes. The census records William's family with two free white males, one aged 10-15 and one aged 45 and over. William also has two free white females at home, one aged 10-15 and one aged 45 and over.
John has three free white males in his family, two under age 10 and one aged 26-44 (himself). In his home he also has two free white females under age 10 and one free white female aged 16-25 (his wife).
David has moved out but has no children. In his home he lists himself as one free white male aged 16-25 with his wife as one free white female aged 16-25.
|1810 United States Census, Madison County, Kentucky|
With his family already making the move out west, William is born March 20, 1794, in Boonesborough, Madison County, Kentucky. Little William, named in honor of his father (and great grandfather!) would be the free male child aged 10-15 in the 1810 census above . Years pass, and at the age of 22, he marries Mary Rice Garland in Winchester, Clark County, Kentucky.
His grandfather William Kindred, the Revolutionary War veteran, dies in 1833. He is buried in Old Red Lick Cemetery, Madison County, Kentucky.
|William Kindred, Revolutionary War Veteran, 1744-1833|
Young William and Mary quickly build a large family. The young United States is growing rapidly, and the country finally records this little family living in Kentucky with the 1850 United States Census (William is one page with family following on the next page). William (aged 56) is still married to Mary (53), and they have five children still living at home: Eliza (20), Joshua (18), Julina (16), Coleb (14), and Daniel (11). As with most of the rest of the population, William is a farmer.
|1850 United States Census, District Number 1, Madison County, Ketucky|
|1850 United States Census, District Number 1, Madison County, Kentucky|
We find this couple living in Estill County, Kentucky, with their family of three children during the 1850 United States Census. Anderson and Sallie A.'s three children are: William G. (5), James M. (3), and Lewis D. (3 months). The couple show real estate value of $300, and quite interestingly enough, both are listed as "persons over 20 years of age who cannot read and write." Anderson is a farmer.
|1850 United States Census, Estill County, Kentucky|
Ten years later in 1860, we find Anderson (shown as Andrew) and Sally still living in Estill County, Kentucky. Andrew (38) and Sally (36) are living with children William (15), James (13), Lewis (11), Ino (9), Mary (6), Nancy (2), and Sarah (8 months). Andrew is still a farmer and shows real estate value of $800 and personal estate value of $1000. Andrew can still not read or write.
The nation is fighting a contentious battle over slavery during these next several years, and Kentucky enlists the draft for the Civil War. Even though he is married and aged 42, Anderson Kindred is enlisted under the Class II rules. He is subject to do military duty in the 8th District and still shows Estill County as his residence. He is enlisted for military duty in either July or December of 1863.
|Anderson Kindred enlisted for Civil War duty, Estill County, Kentucky, 1863|
We do not know much about Anderson Kindred and his involvement in the Civil War. We find Anderson and Sally still living in Kentucky in 1870, although they have moved back to the home of Madison County. Anderson (48) and Sally (47) live with their following children: James (23), Amanda (19), Lewis (20), John (18), Mary (16), Nancy (12), Sarah (9), and Martin (7). Anderson shows real estate value of $1200 and personal estate value of $500. Sally cannot write, nor can young children Nancy, Sarah, or Martin. Martin also cannot read. All three youngest children show having attended school in the past year. Anderson is listed as able to vote and works as a farmer. His sons James, Lewis, and John are farm laborers.
|1870 United States Census, Yates Precinct, Madison County, Kentucky|
Sometime between 1870 and 1880, little Nancy moves out and marries a man by the name of John Cates. Not much is known about this couple outside of the fact that they have several children. In 1900, we learn that John is raising his family alone in the Red Lick District of Estill County. It is unclear what happened to Nancy Cates. John (42) lives with children Seth (19), Addie (13), Claude (11), Stanford (10), Sallie (8), and Willie (7). John is a farm laborer, while son Seth is a farmer. John is shown as owning a home.
|1900 United States Census, Red Lick Magisterial District, Estill County, Kentucky|
In 1910, the family has taken on a different shape. It appears that father John has died. That leaves the eldest son Seth has head of the household. He has married Iola, and they have been married for seven years. Claude (21), Stanford (19), and William (17) join the young couple in the house. Seth is a farmer on a general farm, Claude is a laborer on a general farm, Stanford is a salesman at a grocery store, and William is a wagon driver for a livery store. The family rents a house, and Iola is shown as having one child, though none of which are still living.
|1910 United States Census, Madison County, Kentucky|
During the next several years, the United States would become well-involved with World War I. The Cates family was not exempt, and young Claude is drafted into service. His World War I registration cards show that he is a natural-born citizen of the United States, born in Estill County, Kentucky, June 10, 1889. He has a wife and two children. He is listed as tall and of medium build with blue eyes and brown hair.
The story is unknown, but the registration card shows Claude not claiming exemption from World War I, with him personally signing the card underneath. However, his witness disagrees and chooses to write a note to that effect: "He should claim exemption, having a wife and two solely dependent on his day labor." We learn that his day labor is a "coaler." On the draft card, the "no" is crossed out on claiming an exemption from the war...only to be written in again. Is Claude so adamant on fighting for his country in World War I that he does not heed the advice and recommendation of the witness? We'll never know.
|Claude Cates, World War I Registration Card|
In 1920, we find Claude and Ada living for the first time in Illinois. They have moved with their two daughters up to Hittle Township in Tazewell County, Illinois. Claude (31) and Ada (22) live with daughters Louise (7) and Odessa (6). Claude is a laborer on a general farm.
|1920 United States Census, Hittle Township, Tazewell County, Illinois|
In 1930, we find Claude and Ada still residing in Hittle Township in Tazewell County, Illinois. Claude (41) and Ada (32) are still living with daughters Mary Louise (17) and Odessa Laverne (16). Note that Ada was only 14 years old when she was married. Claude robbed the cradle!!! This trend would continue in this family line. :) Claude and family rent a house, but they do own a radio set. Claude is a farmer, though we do learn that he is not a war veteran, so although registering for the draft of World War I, he saw no action.
|1930 United States Census, Hittle Township, Tazewell County, Illinois|
Having enlisted for the draft of World War I, it appears that nothing would stop Claude from honoring his country yet again thirty years later. During World War II, Claude again registers for the draft, though he is now 54 years old!!! For the first time, the Cates family is listed in Logan County, Illinois, with Atlanta being the place of residence.
|Claude Cates, World War II Registration Card|
And now for the rest of the story. The story of how the Kindreds came to Illinois really two stories in one. More on that later. But let's back up to Anderson Kindred, our Revolutionary War veteran. He had a daughter named Nancy that led us up to Claude Cates and Logan County. But he also had a son named John. And that's where we pick up the story...all the way back in 1880 again.
John Kindred is the son of Anderson Kindred. Shown as neighbors to his father Anderson, he marries Ellen and together they have two children by 1880: Leonard (4), Leslie (2), and Allen (5 months). John Allen also lives in the same house and is listed as a boarder. He is 26 years old and is a laborer and is listed as having "sore eyes." John Kindred works on a farm.
|1880 United States Census, District Number 75, Madison County, Kentucky|
We find Leslie Kindred in Illinois after 20 more years. It is unknown exactly when he moved to the north. Leslie is now 22 years old and is listed as a servant in the home of Enoch Hieronymus (84 years old) and wife Virginia Hieronymus (46 years old). Leslie is also listed as a farm laborer. He is residing in Hittle Township, Tazewell County, Illinois (we know his sister Nancy will follow by 1920).
|1900 United States Census, Hittle Township, Tazewell County, Illinois|
Just like his nephew Claude (from Nancy and John Cates), Leslie joins the war effort during World War I. He registers for the draft at the age of 40 years.
|Leslie Kindred, World War I Registration Cards, September 12, 1918|
In 1920, we find Leslie Kindred married. He has married Ferne and already has a family of his own. Leslie (41) and his wife Ferne (37) live with their five children: Elsie V. (11), Richard E. (9), Lila Bernise (7), Lowell Leslie (6), and Martha S. (1 year, 7 months). Leslie and family rent their home, and he is listed as farmer on a general farm in Waynesville Township, DeWitt County, Illinois.
|1920 United States Census, Waynesville Township, DeWitt County, Illinois|
In 1930, Leslie and family have moved yet again. This time, they reside in District 2 of the Atlanta Township, Logan County, Illinois. Leslie (52) and Ferne (43) are living with children: Elsie (21), Earl (19), Lila (18), Lowell (16), Serena (11), and Robert (7). Leslie is a farmer on a general farm, and his family does not live on a farm. The family rents their home and pays $15/month for rent. Both Leslie and Earl are farm laborers on a general farm, while Lowell is a bell boy at a hotel. Ferne's parents were both born in Ohio.
|1930 United States Census, Atlanta Township, Logan County, Illinois|
Anderson Kindred's great grandson Lowell Leslie has finally made it to Logan County, Illinois. As the story showed above, Anderson Kindred's great granddaughter Odessa Laverne has also made it to Logan County. You know where this is going.
On May 2, 1934, Lowell Leslie married his second cousin Odessa Laverne. The Kindreds have finally made it to Logan County, Illinois...twice.